The human immune system is a fascinating mechanism. It works like an internal shield of your body. It fights germs and bacteria, and thereby keeps you healthy. It is, in fact, a complicated mechanism which researchers study in great detail in order to find solutions to diseases or dysfunctions of the body. Though our body is capable of remembering and fighting various infects, bacteria and germs on its own, of course research is doneto improve its skills and enhance man’s knowledge of the human body’s functions. Many famous doctors, institutes and distributors of life science research products like Abgent gain more knowledge about the fascinating capabilities of the human body and its immune system each day.
For that reason alone, it is interesting to look closely at the individual parts which create the immune system. One part is the so-called adaptive immune system, which is made up of lymphocytes, killer T cells, helper T cells, gamma-delta T cells, B lymphocytes and antibodies.
How the adaptive immune system works
The evolution of the human immune system has taken place over thousands of years. Due to the body’s immunological memory, a specific signature antigen can remember a germ or pathological agent it has been in contact with before. Each single germ is remembered by a specific signature antigen. Once the body gets in contact with the bacteria, a process called ‘antigen presentation’ takes place, in which the germ is recognized by the signature antigen. After it has been recognized, responses to the germ in question are mounted by the so-called “memory cells”. These specific cells do then launch counter measures to eliminate the intruder as quickly as possible.
All in all, the human immune system is surprisingly reliable and strong in fighting off intruders, but is sometimes dependend on exterior support. In research, the helpful ELISA kit can reproduce many antibodies for a specific study of these processes. Knowing the human body and understanding its functions is the basis for development in medicine and therefore for saving lives.