A therapy applied as soon as possible to children with autism spectrum disorders has made significant improvements in behavior, communication, and most surprisingly, in brain function, judging by the results of a study conducted by researchers from the School of Medicine Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, United States.
These results suggest that the brain systems that support social perception experience significant improvement if applied as soon as possible that therapy, developed at the University of California at Santa Barbara. This treatment includes educating parents and uses the game in their exercises, being easy to apply to children under two years.
The Autism spectrum disorders are complex neurobiological disorders that inhibit a person’s ability to communicate and develop social relationships, and are often accompanied by other behavior problems. Until recently, the diagnosis of autism is usually not occurring until a child was three to five years of age, and early treatment programs were geared to this age group.
The team of Dr. Fred Volkmar, who diagnoses for children as young as one year old, is working with the above treatment.
In the new study, researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure, for the first time, changes in brain activity after two autistic children five years of age received treatment PRT (Pivotal Response Treatment).
The team of Volkmar Kevin A. Pelphrey and Pamela Ventola found that children who received this treatment showed improvements in behavior and is also able to talk to other people. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography showed greater brain activity in regions that support social perception.
There should clarify that although both children received the same kind of treatment for autism, the results were not homogeneous because autism spectrum disorders are multifaceted and have a particular effect on each child.
Since two children are few to draw firm conclusions, the researchers have already begun a study of the effects of brain therapy 60 children.