A new study identifies the most vulnerable countries to the decline of fishery resources in coral reef from the perspective of food security.
The study was to review these resources in 27 countries, and nearly all the more problematic can be classified into one of two categories: countries with low income, and lack of capabilities to adapt to alternative sources of protein when decline of fishery resources of coral reefs threatens their food security, and middle income nations, which have better capabilities to adapt to alternative sources of protein, but with a higher sensitivity to climate change.
According to test results, Indonesia and Liberia are the most vulnerable to declining fish stocks from the perspective of food security, while Malaysia and Sri Lanka are the least vulnerable among these countries heavily dependent on coral reefs.
The analyzes have been conducted by Sara Hughes, Annie Yau, Lisa Max, Nada Petrovic, Frank Davenport and Michael Marshall, of the University of California, Tim McClanahan, WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society, and Society for Conservation of Wildlife and Flora), Edward Allison of WorldFish Center, based in Malaysia, and Josh Cinner, from James Cook University in Australia.
The results of the study should be wake up call for these nations begin to enact policies that promote the development of alternative sources of protein, either through farming and raising farm animals, or resorting to aquaculture.
The current outlook on the future availability of fishery resources in coral reefs is not very hopeful, because of the harmful effects of climate change and other human-induced disturbances.